Top Best programming languages 2020
There are about 600 programming languages. The demand and popularity of programming languages increase every year. Also, new programming languages are coming up with attractive features.
The most important skill to learn in today’s world is to know how to write a computer program. Today, computers have entered almost every industry. Whether it is autopilot in your bike on a plane or digital speedometer, computers surround us in various forms. Computers are extremely useful to scale an organization well. Today, to store and access your information, you need a computer
So, which programming language should you learn? Learning a new programming language is always an investment of your time and brain power. If you are an experienced developer or if you already know many programming languages, you can learn a niche, a modern one. Every beginner is confronted with the question, “Which programming language should I learn?” Let’s have a look at the best programming languages to learn in 2020 for a job and future prospects:
Python undoubtedly tops the list. It is widely accepted or use as the best programming language to learn first. Python is a fast, easy-to-use and easily available programming language that is being widely used to develop scalable web applications. YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built-in Python. Python has provides excellent library support and has a large developer community. Programming language gives or provides a great starting point for beginners. Talking about people who are looking for a better job, you should definitely learn Python ASAP! A lot of startups are using Python as their primary backend stack and therefore, this opens up a huge opportunity for full-stack Python developers.
Python has not seen a meteoric rise in popularity such as Java or C / C ++. Furthermore, Python is not a disruptive programming language. But from the beginning, Python has focused on developer experience and has tried to reduce the bottleneck in programming so that schoolchildren can also write production-grade code.
In 2008, Python went through massive overhauls and improvements with the cost of significant braking changes by introducing Python 3.
Today, Python is ubiquitous and used in many areas of software development, with no slowdown.
Difficulty level: Easy to learn. Best language for beginners. 5 out of 5.
- Creating and using classes and objects is easy for OOP features
- Extensive library support
- The code focuses on readability
- The ability to scale even the most complex applications
- Ideal for building prototypes and testing ideas quickly
- Open-source with an ever-increasing community support
- Provides support for a multitude of platforms and systems
- Very easy to learn and use
- Not suitable for mobile computing
- Slow due to being an interpreted programming language
- Database access layer is somewhat immature
- Threading is not good due to GIL (Global Interpreter Lock)
Over the past several years, Python has seen a huge increase in demand, with no slowdown.
Programming language ranking site PYPL has ranked Python as the number one programming language, with it gaining considerable popularity in 2019:
In addition, Python superseded Java and became the second most popular language according to the GitHub repository contribution:
In addition, the StackOverflow Developer Survey ranked Python as the second most popular programming language (4th most popular technology):
Java is celebrating its 24th birthday this year and has been one of the most popular programming languages used to develop server-side applications. Java is a practical option for developing Android apps as it can be used to create highly functional programs and platforms.This object-oriented programming language does not require any specific hardware infrastructure, is easily managed, and has a good level of security. Furthermore, Java is easier to learn than languages like C and C ++. No wonder, about 90 percent of Fortune 500 companies rely on Java for their desktop applications and development projects.
- Abundance of open-source libraries
- Automatic memory allocation and garbage collection
- follows the OOP pattern
- Stack allocation system
- A high level of platform independence for the JVM feature
- Highly secure due to the explicit exclusion of the pointer and the inclusion of a security manager responsible for defining the accessibility of classes
- Ideal for distributed computing
- Provides an abundance of APIs to accomplish various tasks such as database connections, networking, utilities, and XML parsing
- Supports multithreading
- Absence of templates that create high quality data structures
- Costly memory management
- Slower than originally compiled programming languages, such as C and C ++
To understand the difference between C, C ++ and C #, you need to understand at what level the language operates. C runs directly on top of the assembly, the language that the computer actually reads to function. So C is mostly used to make operating systems or older programs.
C ++ is essentially a level above C. C++ allows for object-oriented programming. Due to the ubiquity of these languages, they are a good starting point for new programmers.
C / C ++ programming is like bread and butter. Almost all low-level systems such as file systems , operating systems, etc. are written in C / C ++. If you want to become a system-level programmer, then C / C ++ is the language you should learn. C ++ is widely used by competing programmers due to the fact that it is extremely fast and stable. C ++ also offers something called STL – Standard Template Library. STL(Standard Template Library) is a pool of ready-to-use libraries for various data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms. Library support and language speed make it a popular option in the high-frequency business community as well.
- A large work of compilers and libraries [C ++]
- Cases accessing objects blocked or hidden by other programming languages [C]
- Faster execution of programs than most programming languages [C / C ++]
- Understands more complex programming languages [C / C ++]
- Language of choice for multi-device, multi-platform app development [C ++]
- Provides a greater degree of portability [C]
- Process-oriented language with a set of function modules and blocks. These make it easier to maintain debugging, testing and programs [C]
- Programs are more efficient and easier to understand [C / C ++]
- Rich Function Library [C ++]
- The system runs close to the hardware and, therefore, provides a low level of abstraction [C / C ++]
- Support exception to deal with overloading and C overloading
- A variety of application domains, such as games, GUI applications and real-time mathematical simulations [C ++]
- Complex syntax [C / C ++]
- Does not support program namespace [C]
- Unable to solve modern, real-world programming challenges [C]
- Less efficient object-oriented system than other OOP-based programming languages [C ++]
- High level constructions need to be built manually [C]
- No garbage collection or dynamic memory allocation [C / C ++]
- No run-time check [C / C ++]
- No strict type checking [C]
- Programming is not an easy first choice for learning [C / C ++]
- Plagued by buffer overflow and memory corruption issues [C / C ++]
- Small Standard Library [C]
- Gives a rich interface to a website
- Highly versatile
- It is the programming language of the web
- Low website server demand based on client-side
- Regular updates via ECMA specification
- Many add-ons to increase functionality, such as Grisemonyke
- Simplified implementation
- Lots of resources and support from a large community
- Used to build a diverse range of applications
- Works exceptionally well with other programming languages
- Absence of copy or equivalent method
- Allows only single inheritance
- Might be interpreted differently by different browsers
5 Go Language
The Go language is a programming language initially developed by Google in 2007 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike and Ken Thompson. It is a legally typed language with the same syntax as C. It provides garbage collection, type protection, dynamic-typing capability, many advanced built-in types such as variable length arrays and key-value maps. It also provides a rich standard library. The Go programming language was introduced in November 2009 and is used in some of Google’s production systems.
- Go Is Fast
- Easy to Learn
- Static Typing
- Interface Types
- Standard Library
- Testing Support
- Static Analysis Tools
- Garbage Collection
- Easier Concurrency Model
- No Generics
- Interfaces Are Implicit
- Poor Library Support
- Difficult Community
- Fractured Dependency Management